Oral cancer is a type of head and neck cancer. Although relatively rare, oral cancer is the third most common cancer among Malaysian Indian community in Malaysian Ministry of Health Hospitals. Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world and is highly associated with the practice of tobacco smoking, betel quid chewing and excessive alcohol consumption. More recently however, for reasons that are still unclear, oral cancer is increasingly being diagnosed in individuals who do not practice these risk habits. Although oral cancer can be fairly easily detected, death rates are higher than for many other cancer types mainly because it is often presented late.
- National Cancer Registry, Ministry of Health (Malaysia). Malaysia Cancer Incidence Report 2003-2005. Kuala Lampur, Malaysia: National Cancer Registry, Ministry of Health (Malaysia), 2008.